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Virtual-Simulation-Based Multi-Objective Optimization of an Assembly Station in a Battery Production Factory

Andreas Lind, Veeresh Elango, Lars Hanson, Dan Högberg, Dan Lämkull, Pär Mårtensson, Anna Syberfeldt (2023). Virtual-Simulation-Based Multi-Objective Optimization of an Assembly Station in a Battery Production Factory. Systems, Vol. 11(8).


The planning and design process of manufacturing factory layouts is commonly performed using digital tools, enabling engineers to define and test proposals in virtual environments before implementing them physically. However, this approach often relies on the experience of the engineers involved and input from various cross-disciplinary functions, leading to a time-consuming and subjective process with a high risk of human error. To address these challenges, new tools and methods are needed. The Industry 5.0 initiative aims to further automate and assist human tasks, reinforcing the human-centric perspective when making decisions that influence production environments and working conditions. This includes improving the layout planning process by making it more objective, efficient, and capable of considering multiple objectives simultaneously. This research presents a demonstrator solution for layout planning using digital support, incorporating a virtual multi-objective optimization approach to consider safety regulations, area boundaries, workers’ well-being, and walking distance. The demonstrator provides a cross-disciplinary and transparent approach to layout planning for an assembly station in the context of battery production. The demonstrator solution illustrates how layout planning can become a cross-disciplinary and transparent activity while being automated to a higher degree, providing results that support decision-making and balance cross-disciplinary requirements. Access publication.

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